Physiological and genetic engineering of cytosolic redox metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for improved glycerol production
Previous metabolic engineering strategies for improving glycerol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae were constrained to a maximum theoretical glycerol yield of 1 mol·(mol glucose)−1 due to the introduction of rigid carbon, ATP or redox stoichiometries. In the present study, we sought to circumvent these constraints by (i) maintaining flexibility at fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase and triosephosphate isomerase, while (ii) eliminating reactions that compete with glycerol formation for cytosolic NADH and (iii) enabling oxidative catabolism within the mitochondrial matrix. In aerobic, glucose-grown batch cultures a S. cerevisiae strain, in which the pyruvate decarboxylases the external NADH dehydrogenases and the respiratory chain-linked glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase were deleted for this purpose, produced glycerol at a yield of 0.90 mol·(mol glucose)−1. In aerobic glucose-limited chemostat cultures, the glycerol yield was ca. 25% lower, suggesting the involvement of an alternative glucose-sensitive mechanism for oxidation of cytosolic NADH. Nevertheless, in vivo generation of additional cytosolic NADH by co-feeding of formate to aerobic, glucose-limited chemostat cultures increased the glycerol yield on glucose to 1.08 mol mol−1. To our knowledge, this is the highest glycerol yield reported for S. cerevisiae.
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2006, Pages 532–542