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Estradiol stimulates the biosynthetic pathways of breast cancer cells: Detection by metabolic flux analysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31823 44841 2006 14 PDF Available
Title
Estradiol stimulates the biosynthetic pathways of breast cancer cells: Detection by metabolic flux analysis
Abstract

Selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulators are highly successful breast cancer therapies, but they are not effective in patients with ER negative and selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM)-resistant tumors. Understanding the mechanisms of estrogen-stimulated proliferation may provide a route to design estrogen-independent therapies that would be effective in these patients. In this study, metabolic flux analysis was used to determine the intracellular fluxes that are significantly affected by estradiol stimulation in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Intracellular fluxes were calculated from nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-generated isotope enrichment data and extracellular metabolite fluxes, using a specific flux analysis algorithm. The metabolic pathway model used by the algorithm includes glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle), the pentose phosphate pathway, glutamine catabolism, pyruvate carboxylase, and malic enzyme. The pathway model also incorporates mitochondrial compartmentalization and reversible trans-mitochondrial membrane reactions to more accurately describe the role of mitochondria in cancer cell proliferation. Flux results indicate that estradiol significantly increases carbon flow through the pentose phosphate pathway and increases glutamine consumption. In addition, intra-mitochondrial malic enzyme was found to be inactive and the malate-aspartate shuttle (MAS) was only minimally active. The inactivity of these enzymes indicates that glutamine is not oxidized within mitochondria, but is consumed primarily to provide biosynthetic precursors. The excretion of glutamine carbons from the mitochondria has the secondary effect of limiting nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) recycle, resulting in NADH buildup in the cytosol and the excretion of lactate. The observed dependence of breast cancer cells on pentose phosphate pathway activity and glutamine consumption for estradiol-stimulated biosynthesis suggests that these pathways may be targets for estrogen-independent breast cancer therapies.

Keywords
Breast cancer; Estradiol; Metabolic flux analysis; Isotopomer; Pentose phosphate pathway; Glutaminolysis; Mitochondria; Path tracing; Association factor; Nuclear magnetic resonanceATP, adenosine triphosphate; DME, Dulbecco's modified Eagle's (medium); ER,
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Estradiol stimulates the biosynthetic pathways of breast cancer cells: Detection by metabolic flux analysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2006, Pages 639–652
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us