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Metabolic engineering of malolactic wine yeast

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31898 44850 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Metabolic engineering of malolactic wine yeast
Abstract

Malolactic fermentation is essential for the deacidification of high acid grape must. We have constructed a genetically stable industrial strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by integrating a linear cassette containing the Schizosaccharomyces pombe malate permease gene (mae1) and the Oenococcus oeni malolactic gene (mleA) under control of the S. cerevisiae PGK1 promoter and terminator sequences into the URA3 locus of an industrial wine yeast. The malolactic yeast strain, ML01, fully decarboxylated 5.5 g/l of malate in Chardonnay grape must during the alcoholic fermentation. Analysis of the phenotype, genotype, transcriptome, and proteome revealed that the ML01 yeast is substantially equivalent to the parental industrial wine yeast. The ML01 yeast enjoys ‘Generally Regarded As Safe’ status from the FDA and is the first genetically enhanced yeast that has been commercialized. Its application will prevent the formation of noxious biogenic amines produced by lactic acid bacteria in wine.

Keywords
Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Oenococcus oeni; Malolactic fermentation; Malate permease; Malolactic enzyme
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2006, Pages 315–323
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us