fulltext.study @t Gmail

SanJ, an ATP-dependent picolinate-CoA ligase, catalyzes the conversion of picolinate to picolinate-CoA during nikkomycin biosynthesis in Streptomyces ansochromogenes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31921 44853 2006 13 PDF Available
Title
SanJ, an ATP-dependent picolinate-CoA ligase, catalyzes the conversion of picolinate to picolinate-CoA during nikkomycin biosynthesis in Streptomyces ansochromogenes
Abstract

Nikkomycins, a group of peptidyl nucleoside antibiotics, are competitive inhibitors of chitin synthase. The nikkomycin biosynthetic gene cluster has been cloned previously from Streptomyces ansochromogenes. The cluster contains 25 complete ORFs including sanJ. The sanJ gene was inactivated by the insertion of a kanamycin resistance gene and the resulting disruption mutants failed to produce nikkomycins. Moreover, the nikkomycin production was restored by complementation with a single copy of sanJ. The deduced product of sanJ bears striking sequence similarity with enzymes belonging to the adenylate-forming superfamily. sanJ was overexpressed as a His6-tagged fusion protein in Escherichia coli and purified to apparent homogeneity by affinity chromatography. The purified SanJ demonstrated adenylate ligase activity in the presence of picolinate or its analogs (benzoate, nicotinate, 4-methoxybenzoate, 4-hydroxybenzoate), ATP and Mg2+. SanJ was also found to catalyze the conversion of picolinate, benzoate, nicotinate to their corresponding CoA esters and 4-methoxybenzoate, 4-hydroxybenzoate to their respective AMP derivatives in vitro. This was unambiguously shown by using HPLC and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) or by comparing the reaction product with an authentic standard of benzoyl-CoA. These results indicated that sanJ encodes an ATP-dependent picolinate-CoA ligase which is essential for nikkomycin biosynthesis.

Keywords
Nikkomycin biosynthesis; Streptomyces ansochromogenes; sanJ; Picolinate-CoA ligase; Picolinate; Adenylate-forming enzymes
First Page Preview
SanJ, an ATP-dependent picolinate-CoA ligase, catalyzes the conversion of picolinate to picolinate-CoA during nikkomycin biosynthesis in Streptomyces ansochromogenes
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 8, Issue 3, May 2006, Pages 183–195
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us