Cytosolic NADPH metabolism in penicillin-G producing and non-producing chemostat cultures of Penicillium chrysogenum
This study addresses the relation between NADPH supply and penicillin synthesis, by comparing the flux through the oxidative branch of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP; the main source of cytosolic NADPH) in penicillin-G producing and non-producing chemostat cultures of Penicillium chrysogenum. The fluxes through the oxidative part of the PPP were determined using the recently introduced gluconate-tracer method.Significantly higher oxidative PPP fluxes were observed in penicillin-G producing chemostat cultures, indicating that penicillin production puts a major burden on the supply of cytosolic NADPH. To our knowledge this is the first time direct experimental proof is presented for the causal relationship between penicillin production and NADPH supply. Additional insight in the metabolism of P. chrysogenum was obtained by comparing the PPP fluxes from the gluconate-tracer experiment to oxidative PPP fluxes derived via metabolic flux analysis, using different assumptions for the stoichiometry of NADPH consumption and production.
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 112–123