fulltext.study @t Gmail

Engineered materials for cancer immunotherapy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
32071 44896 2015 21 PDF Available
Title
Engineered materials for cancer immunotherapy
Abstract

•Biomaterials can be used in cancer immunotherapy applications to overcome some of the limitations of current approaches.•Nanomaterials can be used to deliver immune modulating payloads to the tumor microenvironment.•Nanomaterials can be used to co-deliver antigen and danger signal for therapeutic cancer vaccination.•Bulk scaffolds can be used as engineered microenvironments for in situ immune cell programming for therapeutic cancer vaccination.•Nano- to microscale particles, and bulk scaffolds can be used to promote cell survival and expansion for adoptive T cell therapies.

SummaryImmunotherapy is a promising treatment modality for cancer as it can promote specific and durable anti-cancer responses. However, limitations to current approaches remain. Therapeutics administered as soluble injections often require high doses and frequent re-dosing, which can result in systemic toxicities. Soluble bolus-based vaccine formulations typically elicit weak cellular immune responses, limiting their use for cancer. Current methods for ex vivo T cell expansion for adoptive T cell therapies are suboptimal, and achieving high T cell persistence and sustained functionality with limited systemic toxicity following transfer remains challenging. Biomaterials can play important roles in addressing some of these limitations. For example, nanomaterials can be employed as vehicles to deliver immune modulating payloads to specific tissues, cells, and cellular compartments with minimal off-target toxicity, or to co-deliver antigen and danger signal in therapeutic vaccine formulations. Alternatively, micro- to macroscale materials can be employed as devices for controlled molecular and cellular delivery, or as engineered microenvironments for recruiting and programming immune cells in situ. Recent work has demonstrated the potential for combining cancer immunotherapy and biomaterials, and the application of biomaterials to cancer immunotherapy is likely to enable the development of effective next-generation platforms. This review discusses the application of engineered materials for the delivery of immune modulating agents to the tumor microenvironment, therapeutic cancer vaccination, and adoptive T cell therapy.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (131 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cancer immunotherapy; Tumor microenvironment; Therapeutic vaccination; Adoptive T cell therapy; Nanoparticles; Porous scaffolds
First Page Preview
Engineered materials for cancer immunotherapy
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: - Volume 10, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages 511–531
Authors
, ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us