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Metal–organic frameworks in fuel cell technologies

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
32104 44900 2013 21 PDF Available
Title
Metal–organic frameworks in fuel cell technologies
Abstract

•This review provides a summary of the applications of MOFs in fuel cells.•Keystone components of MOFs and their contribution to the improvement of fuel cells are discussed.•The development of novel MOF-based structures and their prospective in fuel cells are discussed.•Challenges encountered in the applications of MOFs in fuel cells are summarized.

SummaryThe human appetite for energy is constantly growing and becoming increasingly difficult to satiate. Fossil fuels are quickly becoming unsatisfactory substrates due to the undesirable side effect of pollution and their finite expectancy. Over the past decade, numerous important technological advances in nanotechnology have opened up new frontiers in materials science and engineering, leading to the creation of new materials to meet the energy challenge. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), in particular, have proven to be indispensable for clean and efficient energy conversion as well as storage in fuel cells. MOFs offer several advantages as electrocatalysts, electrolyte membranes, and fuel storage materials – they possess remarkable design flexibility, ultra-large surface-to-volume ratios, and they allow functionalization with multivalent ligands and metal centers to increase avidity for fuel cells. Considerable efforts have been made to utilize the unique properties of MOFs as energy materials in developing high performance fuel cells. This article reviews the progress in the research and development of MOFs for applications in hydrogen fuel cells with an emphasis on fuel generation, catalysts for cathode, electrolyte membranes, and H2 storage, along with some discussion on challenges and perspectives in this exciting and promising field.

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Keywords
Metal–organic frameworks; Fuel cell; Electrocatalysis; Hydrogen storage; Proton conductor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: - Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages 577–597
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us