Chemical transformations of nanostructured materials
SummaryChemical transformation of existing inorganic nanostructures from one material into another represents a straightforward, versatile, and effective approach to nanomaterial synthesis. This approach has received increasing attention in recent years. As a unique feature, this apporach allows one to easily and independently control the chemical compositions, structures, and morphologies of nanostructured materials. This article reviews recent progress in this area by dividing the reactions into four catagories – formation of alloy, galvanic replacement, cation exchange, and anion exchange – according to the type of reaction involved. We discuss current understanding of the thermodynamic parameters and kinetic aspects, followed by highlights of a variety of relavant synthetic strategies and examples. We also discuss the possible contributions of this approach to the synthesis of novel nanomaterials and perspectives on their technological impacts.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (174 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Chemical transformation from one nanomaterial into another. ► Alloying metals with other elements to create semiconductor nanostructured materials. ► Galvanic replacement reaction between metal elements for porous metal nanostructures. ► Cation exchange reaction from a metal or chalcogens to form metal chalcogenide semiconductors. ► Anion exchange reaction to generate hollow nanoparticles and nanowires.
Journal: - Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2011, Pages 186–203