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Nanostructured photoelectrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
32353 44923 2011 19 PDF Available
Title
Nanostructured photoelectrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells
Abstract

SummaryNanotechnology opens a door to tailing materials and creating various nanostructures for use in dye-sensitized solar cells. This review classifies the nanostructures into (1) nanoparticles, which offer large surface area to photoelectrode film for dye-adsorption, (2) core–shell structures, which are derived from the nanoparticles however with a consideration to reduce charge recombination by forming a coating layer, (3) one-dimensional nanostructures such as nanowires and nanotubes, which provide direct pathways for electron transport much faster than in the nanoparticle films, and (4) three-dimensional nanostructures such as nanotetrapods, branched nanowires or nanotubes, and oxide aggregates, which not only emphasize providing large surface area but also aim at attaining more effective light harvesting and charge transport or collection. The review ends with an outlook proposing that the oxide aggregates are a potentially promising structure which may possibly achieve higher efficiency than the record by reason that the bifunction of aggregates in providing large surface area and generating light scattering allows for photoelectrode film thinner than usual and thus decreases the charge recombination of DSCs.

Graphical abstract.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (321 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Nanoparticles forming photoelectrode film offer large surface for dye adsorption. ▶ One-dimensional nanostructures provide direct pathways for electron transport. ▶ Aggregates of nanoparticles produce both large surface area and light scattering. ▶ Use of aggregates allow for photoelectrode film thinner than conventional ones. ▶ Thinner photoelectrode film means shorter electron transport and less recombination.

Keywords
Dye-sensitized solar cell; Nanostructure; Nanoparticles; Nanowires; Aggregates; Light scattering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: - Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2011, Pages 91–109
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us