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Small power: Autonomous nano- and micromotors propelled by self-generated gradients

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
32394 44926 2013 24 PDF Available
Title
Small power: Autonomous nano- and micromotors propelled by self-generated gradients
Abstract

•Autonomous nano- and micromotors are particles that convert energy locally through symmetry breaking.•These motors operate in the low Reynolds number regime through several propulsion mechanisms.•Functionality such as steering and cargo pick up/delivery can be incorporated into micromotors.•Synthetic motors exhibit collective behavior that is mimetic of living microorganisms.•Several applications are emerging in biochemical analysis, microfluidic pumping, particle sorting, and assembly.

SummaryIn this article we review the development, current status and future prospects of nano- and microscale motors propelled by locally generated fields and chemical gradients. These motors move autonomously in fluids by converting different sources of energy into mechanical work. Most commonly they are particles that are similar in their largest dimensions to bacteria (a few microns) or eukaryotic cells (10–20 μm). Their shapes and compositions are designed to break symmetry in some way to create a local gradient (chemical, acoustic, thermal, etc.). A few important principles are introduced for readers to understand the physics of powered movement on small length scales. Interesting collective and emergent behaviors, as well as current and developing applications of these motors are also reviewed. Nano- and micromotors that are propelled by other mechanisms such as bubble recoil and magnetic induction are also briefly discussed.

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Keywords
Autonomous motor; Self-electrophoresis; Self-diffusiophoresis; Self-acoustophoresis; Self-generated fields; Nanomotor
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Small power: Autonomous nano- and micromotors propelled by self-generated gradients
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: - Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2013, Pages 531–554
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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