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Directed differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells toward a cardiomyogenic fate commitment through formation of cell aggregates ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3241 160 2014 6 PDF Available
Title
Directed differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells toward a cardiomyogenic fate commitment through formation of cell aggregates ☆
Abstract

•A surface-immobilized polyamidoamine dendrimer was used in culture of hMSCs.•hMSCs on dendrimer surface formed cell aggregates through migration and division.•Cell aggregation enhanced fate determination toward a cardiomyogenic lineage.•Aggregate passage without enzymatic digestion gave more cardiomyocyte-like cells.•Our method induces initiation of cardiomyogenic lineage commitment of hMSCs.

Cell morphology is known to modulate the multipotential lineage commitment of stem cells. We provide a new strategy to induce the early lineage commitment of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) toward a cardiomyogenic fate through the formation of cell aggregates. A surface-immobilized polyamidoamine dendrimer with fifth generation of dendron structure was used during the culturing of hMSCs. These hMSCs cultured on the G5 surface formed aggregates through active migration and division. More than 22% of cardiac troponin-T (cTnT)-positive (cTnT+) cells in aggregates formed on the dendrimer surface; the population formed on the dendrimer surface was higher than that in conventional culture vessel. When cell aggregate was reseeded onto a fresh G5 surface, single cells migrated out of the aggregates, proliferated, and formed new aggregates. This passage method, accompanied with repetitive aggregate dispersion and formation, was applied to cultures over 40 days. The proportion of cTnT+ cells increased to 62% by the end of third passage. Our results suggest that culturing hMSCs on G5 surface results in directed commitment of the hMSCs toward a cardiomyocyte-like fate.

Keywords
Animal cell culture; Growth kinetics; Tissue cell culture; Biomedical; Human mesenchymal stem cells; Cardiomyogenic fate; Dendrimer surface
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Directed differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells toward a cardiomyogenic fate commitment through formation of cell aggregates ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 84, 15 March 2014, Pages 53–58
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us