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Chitosan based nanoparticles functionalized with peptidomimetic derivatives for oral drug delivery

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
33033 44954 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Chitosan based nanoparticles functionalized with peptidomimetic derivatives for oral drug delivery
Abstract

•CS based NPs efficiently entrap chlorhexidine and release it in a sustained way.•GSH functionalization of NPs improved drug release and cytocompatibility.•Drug-loaded nanoparticles adhered on human tooth fragments.

The goal of this study was to develop an optimized drug delivery carrier for oral mucosa applications able to release in situ bioactive molecules by using biopolymeric materials. Among them chitosan and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) have gained considerable attention as biocompatible carriers able to improve the delivery of active agents. The formulation of such vehicles in the form of nanoparticles (NPs) could permit to exploit the peculiar properties of nanomaterials in order to enhance the efficacy of active agents. Chitosan (CS) and PLGA chlorexidine dihydrochloride (CHX)-loaded NPs were synthesized by ionotropic gelation and osmosis based methodology respectively. In order to facilitate NPs adhesion on human dental surfaces, two different strategies were employed: PLGA particles with an external shell of CS to produce a positive surface charge allowing CHX loaded PLGA NPs to interact with the negative charged dental surfaces, while CS particles were functionalized with peptidomimetic derivative glutathione (GSH). The morphology was investigated by scanning electron microscopy. A sustained release profile of CHX from CS NPs was achieved. CS-based NPs adhered on human tooth surfaces in a simulated brushing and rinsing process and their in vitro toxicity evaluation on Human Gingival Fibroblasts (HGFs) was between 20 and 60% in all experimental conditions. Thanks to their adhesion properties and low cytotoxicity, the synthesized CS-based formulations may be efficiently exploited for therapy purposes or to enhance in vivo dental care (i.e. preparation of toothpastes or other cosmetics for daily oral care).

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Chitosan based nanoparticles functionalized with peptidomimetic derivatives for oral drug delivery
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: New Biotechnology - Volume 33, Issue 1, 25 January 2016, Pages 23–31
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us