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Optimization of a low-cost defined medium for alcoholic fermentation – a case study for potential application in bioethanol production from industrial wastewaters

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
33042 44954 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Optimization of a low-cost defined medium for alcoholic fermentation – a case study for potential application in bioethanol production from industrial wastewaters
Abstract

•Statistical experimental designs were used to develop a low-cost defined medium.•(NH4)2HPO4; MgSO4 and ZnSO4 are critical macronutrients for yeast fermentation.•Yeast extract can be replaced by salts to obtain ethanol from soft drink wastewater.•Ethanol yields were close to theoretical values for this type of fermentation.•Supplementation with salts makes the proposed process more economically attractive.

In bioethanol production processes, the media composition has an impact on product concentration, yields and the overall process economics. The main purpose of this research was to develop a low-cost mineral-based supplement for successful alcoholic fermentation in an attempt to provide an economically feasible alternative to produce bioethanol from novel sources, for example, sugary industrial wastewaters. Statistical experimental designs were used to select essential nutrients for yeast fermentation, and its optimal concentrations were estimated by Response Surface Methodology. Fermentations were performed on synthetic media inoculated with 2.0 g L−1 of yeast, and the evolution of biomass, sugar, ethanol, CO2 and glycerol were monitored over time. A mix of salts [10.6 g L−1 (NH4)2HPO4; 6.4 g L−1 MgSO4·7H2O and 7.5 mg L−1 ZnSO4·7H2O] was found to be optimal. It led to the complete fermentation of the sugars in less than 12 h with an average ethanol yield of 0.42 gethanol/gsugar. A general C-balance indicated that no carbonaceous compounds different from biomass, ethanol, CO2 or glycerol were produced in significant amounts in the fermentation process. Similar results were obtained when soft drink wastewaters were tested to evaluate the potential industrial application of this supplement. The ethanol yields were very close to those obtained when yeast extract was used as the supplement, but the optimized mineral-based medium is six times cheaper, which favorably impacts the process economics and makes this supplement more attractive from an industrial viewpoint.

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Optimization of a low-cost defined medium for alcoholic fermentation – a case study for potential application in bioethanol production from industrial wastewaters
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: New Biotechnology - Volume 33, Issue 1, 25 January 2016, Pages 107–115
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us