Effects of nitrogen concentration and media replacement on cell growth and lipid production of oleaginous marine microalga Nannochloropsis oceanica DUT01
•An improvement of biomass and lipid production of Nannochloropsis oceanica DUT01 is achieved by 1/5 medium replacement.•The increase of lipid content is accompanied with the decrease of protein content.•N. oceanica produces high content of hexadecadienoic acid.
Cell growth and lipid production of a marine microalga Nannochloropsis oceanica DUT01 were investigated, and fresh medium replacement with different ratios to promote long term cell growth and lipid accumulation was also tested. The highest lipid content reached 64% in nitrogen deplete f/2 medium containing 37.5 mg/L NaNO3 combined with 1/5 fresh medium replacement, however, the highest lipid titer (0.6 g/L) and lipid productivity (31 mg/L/d) were achieved using BG11 medium containing 1.5 g/L NaNO3, taking advantage of 1/5 fresh medium replacement as well, which corresponded to the maximum biomass production of 1.4 g/L, highlighting the importance of high biomass accumulation for efficient lipid production. When biomass compositions were monitored throughout the culture, decreased protein content was found to be coupled with increased lipid production, whereas relatively stable carbohydrate content was observed. The fatty acids in the lipid of N. oceanica DUT01 comprise over 65% saturated fatty acids and monounsaturated acids (i.e. palmitic acid (C16:0) and oleic acid (C18:1)), suggesting that N. oceanica DUT01 is a promising candidate for biodiesel production. Interestingly, very high content of hexadecadienoic acid (C16:2, about 26–33%) was produced by DUT01, which distinguished this microalga with other microalgae strains reported so far.
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 78, 15 September 2013, Pages 32–38