Production of bioethanol from effluents of the dairy industry by Kluyveromyces marxianus
Whey and scotta are effluents coming from cheese and ricotta processing respectively. Whey contains minerals, lipids, lactose and proteins; scotta contains mainly lactose. Whey can be reused in several ways, such as protein extraction or animal feeding, while nowadays scotta is just considered as a waste; moreover, due to very high volumes of whey produced in the world, it poses serious environmental and disposal problems. Alternative destinations of these effluents, such as biotechnological transformations, can be a way to reach both goals of improving the added value of the agroindustrial processes and reducing their environmental impact.In this work we investigated the way to produce bioethanol from lactose of whey and scotta and to optimize the fermentation yields. Kluyveromyces marxianus var. marxianus was chosen as lactose-fermenting yeast. Batch, aerobic and anaerobic, fermentations and semicontinuous fermentations in dispersed phase and in packed bed reactor were carried out of row whey, scotta and mix 1:1 whey:scotta at a laboratory scale. Different temperatures (28–40°C) were also tested to check whether the thermotolerance of the chosen yeast could be useful to improve the ethanol yield.The best performances were reached at low temperatures (28°C); high temperatures are also compatible with good ethanol yields in whey fermentations, but not in scotta fermentations. Semicontinuous fermentations in dispersed phase gave the best fermentation performances, particularly with scotta. Then both effluents can be considered suitable for ethanol production. The good yields obtained from scotta allow us to transform this waste in a source.
► Dairy effluents were tested as fermentation media to produce bioethanol. ► Different fermentation management technologies with Kl. marxianus were compared. ► High temperatures associated to nutritional deficiencies impair good ethanol yield. ► Best performances were reached with semicontinuous fermentations at 28°C. ► These wastes can become a source and increase the dairy processes added value.
Journal: New Biotechnology - Volume 30, Issue 6, 25 September 2013, Pages 607–613