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Steady-state inhibition model for the biodegradation of sulfonated amines in a packed bed reactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
33299 44966 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Steady-state inhibition model for the biodegradation of sulfonated amines in a packed bed reactor
Abstract

Aromatic amines are important industrial products having in their molecular structure one or more aromatic rings. These are used as precursors for the synthesis of dyes, adhesives, pesticides, rubber, fertilizers and surfactants. The aromatic amines are common constituents of industrial effluents, generated mostly by the degradation of azo dyes. Several of them are a threat to human health because they can by toxic, allergenic, mutagenic or carcinogenic. The most common are benzenesulfonic amines, such as 4-ABS (4-aminobenzene sulfonic acid) and naphthalene sulfonic amines, such as 4-ANS (4-amino naphthalene sulfonic acid). Sometimes, the mixtures of toxic compounds are more toxic or inhibitory than the individual compounds, even for microorganisms capable of degrading them. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the degradation of the mixture 4-ANS plus 4-ABS by a bacterial community immobilized in fragments of volcanic stone, using a packed bed continuous reactor. In this reactor, the amines loading rates were varied from 5.5 up to 69 mg L−1 h−1. The removal of the amines was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and chemical oxygen demand. With this information, we have studied the substrate inhibition of the removal rate of the aromatic amines during the degradation of the mixture of sulfonated aromatic amines by the immobilized microorganisms. Experimental results were fitted to parabolic, hyperbolic and linear inhibition models. The model that best characterizes the inhibition of the specific degradation rate in the biofilm reactor was a parabolic model with values of RXM = 58.15 ± 7.95 mg (109 cells h)−1, Ks = 0.73 ± 0.31 mg L−1, Sm = 89.14 ± 5.43 mg L−1 and the exponent m = 5. From the microbial community obtained, six cultivable bacterial strains were isolated and identified by sequencing their 16S rDNA genes. The strains belong to the genera Variovorax, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Arthrobacter, Nocardioides and Microbacterium. This microbial consortium could use the mixture of aromatic amines as sources of carbon, nitrogen, energy and sulfur.

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Steady-state inhibition model for the biodegradation of sulfonated amines in a packed bed reactor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: New Biotechnology - Volume 32, Issue 3, 25 May 2015, Pages 379–386
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us