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Signal enhancement in polysaccharide based sensors for infections by incorporation of chemically modified laccase

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
33361 44973 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Signal enhancement in polysaccharide based sensors for infections by incorporation of chemically modified laccase
Abstract

Bioresponsive polymers (BRPs) allow the detection of potentially pathogenic microorganisms. Here, peptidoglycan and cellulose based hydrogels were constructed with potential for diagnosis of wound infection or, for example, Aspergillosis, respectively. These systems respond to extracellular enzymes from microbes or enzymes secreted from the human immune system in case of infection. Laccases as ‘enhanzymes’ were incorporated into these devices for signal and stability enhancement when compared to simple dye release based systems. To retain the enhanzymes within the BRPs, they were either PEGylated laccase (Laccase_PEG) to increase size or methacrylated laccase (Laccase_MA) to allow covalent attachment to the polysaccharide matrices. PEGylation of Trametes hirsuta laccase led to a fivefold increase in size to 270 kDa according to size exclusion chromatography (SEC). Likewise, successful methacrylation of the laccase was demonstrated by using reversed phase chromatography while SEC analysis proved covalent attachment of the enzyme to the methacrylated polysaccharide matrix. Upon incubation of peptidoglycan based BRPs with fluid from infected wounds, the difference to controls was four times higher for Laccase_PEG based signalling when compared to simple dye release. Similarly, the control signals (i.e. leaching) were considerably reduced in case of Laccase_MA incorporated in crosslinked peptidoglycan (PG) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) hydrogels for signalling. In addition, Laccase_MA catalysed colour formation enhanced the signal dramatically with factors between 100- and 600-fold. Laccase_MA was demonstrated to oxidise silica gel immobilised ferulic acid incorporated into the BRP with clearly visible colour changes of 4.5 ΔE units according the CIELab concept upon incubation by trigger enzymes as well as infected wound fluids.

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Signal enhancement in polysaccharide based sensors for infections by incorporation of chemically modified laccase
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: New Biotechnology - Volume 29, Issue 4, 15 May 2012, Pages 502–509
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us