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Comparison of pretreatment strategies for enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of barley straw to ethanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
33571 44985 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Comparison of pretreatment strategies for enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of barley straw to ethanol
Abstract

Barley straw used in this study contained 34.3% cellulose, 23.0% hemicellulose and 13.3% lignin (moisture, 6.5%). Several pretreatments (dilute acid, lime and alkaline peroxide) and enzymatic saccharification procedures were evaluated for the conversion of barley straw to monomeric sugars. The maximum release of sugars (glucose, 384 mg; xylose, 187 mg; arabinose, 32 mg; total sugars, 604 mg/g; 94% of maximum theoretical sugar yield) from barley straw (10%, w/v) was obtained by alkaline peroxide (2.5% H2O2, pH 11.5) pretreatment (35°C, 24 hours) and enzymatic saccharification (45°C, pH 5.0, 120 hours) after diluting 2 times before adding a cocktail of three commercial enzyme preparations (cellulase, β-glucosidase and hemicellulase) each at the dose level of 0.15 ml/g of straw. Dilute acid and lime pretreatments followed by enzymatic saccharification generated 566 mg (88% yield) and 582 mg (91% yield) total sugars/g of barley straw, respectively. The yield of ethanol from the dilute acid pretreated and enzymatically saccharified barley straw hydrolyzate (23.7 g sugars/L) was 11.4 g/L (0.48 g/g available sugars, 0.26 g/g straw) by the mixed sugar utilizing recombinant Escherichia coli strain FBR5 in 17 hours. The ethanol yields were 11.4 and 11.9 g/L from 24.4 and 26.2 g sugars/L obtained from lime and alkaline peroxide pretreated barley straw, respectively. No inhibition of fermentation occurred by any of the three pretreatments under the conditions used.

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Comparison of pretreatment strategies for enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of barley straw to ethanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: New Biotechnology - Volume 27, Issue 1, 28 February 2010, Pages 10–16
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us