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Evaluation of FAME production from wet marine and freshwater microalgae by in situ transesterification

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3386 167 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Evaluation of FAME production from wet marine and freshwater microalgae by in situ transesterification
Abstract

•We evaluated the in situ transesterification of not completely dried microalgae using different catalysts.•Maximum FAME conversion was obtained, for dried and 1.5%wet, marine and freshwater microalgae, when using sulphuric acid as catalyst.•It was observed that the cell structure of Nannochloropsis oculata was not as disrupted as those of Chlorella sp.•In conclusion, the acidic in situ transesterification produced the highest conversion; however the yield obtained was limited by the microalgae cell wall

In situ transesterification of lipids in algal biomass reduces the number of unit operations by producing alkyl esters (biodiesel) directly from the lipid phase. The production of alkyl esters by in situ transesterification from marine microalgae Nannochloropsis oculata and freshwater microalgae Chlorella sp. was evaluated using different catalysts and biomass moistures. Three homogenous catalysts (sulphuric acid, sodium hydroxide and sodium methoxide), and one heterogeneous catalyst (molecular sieve A) were used in microalgae dried at 0%, 1.5%, and 10% moisture. Maximum lipid conversion was obtained for both, marine and freshwater dried microalgae using sulphuric acid as catalyst. A FAME yield of 73 ± 5% was achieved from N. oculata at a catalyst:lipid molar ratio of 0.8:1; while 92 ± 2% was obtained from Chlorella sp. at a catalyst:lipid molar ratio of 0.35:1. Differences in FAME yield among microalgae were analysed in terms of overall cell structure and biomass salinity. It was observed that cells of N. oculata were not as easily disrupted as those of Chlorella sp. and that salts present in N. oculata biomass did not affect the acidic transesterification reaction. In conclusion, the acidic in situ transesterification of dried marine or freshwater microalgae produced the highest conversion; however the yield of alkyl esters was potentially affected by the microalgae cell structure and not the salinity of the biomass.

Keywords
In situ transesterification (reactive extraction); Biodiesel (fatty acid methyl ester); Catalyst; Wet microalgae; microalgae salinity
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Evaluation of FAME production from wet marine and freshwater microalgae by in situ transesterification
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 76, 15 July 2013, Pages 83–89
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us