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Bio-conventional bleaching of wheat straw soda–AQ pulp with crude xylanases from SH-1 NTCC-1163 and SH-2 NTCC-1164 strains of Coprinellus disseminatus to mitigate AOX generation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
33889 44996 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Bio-conventional bleaching of wheat straw soda–AQ pulp with crude xylanases from SH-1 NTCC-1163 and SH-2 NTCC-1164 strains of Coprinellus disseminatus to mitigate AOX generation
Abstract

Two novel cellulase-poor xylanases from Coprinellus disseminatus SH-1 NTCC-1163 (enzyme-A) and SH-2 NTCC-1164 (enzyme-B) produced under solid-state fermentation mitigated kappa number of wheat straw soda–AQ pulps by 24.38 and 27.94% respectively after XE stages. The release of reducing sugars and chromophores was highest for both the enzymes at 10 IU/g and reaction time 180 min for 55°C at variable consistencies that is, 10% for enzyme-A and 5% for enzyme-B. AXECEHH and BXECEHH sequences improved brightness by 5.17 and 2.58% respectively at 4.5% chlorine charge. AOX in AXECEHH and BXECEHH sequences reduced by 56.11 and 55.75% respectively at 4.5% chlorine charge and 68.34 and 67.98% respectively at 2.25% chlorine charge respectively compared to control. Both the enzymes showed improvement in double fold and tear index with a decrease in burst and tensile index. SEM showed peeling, cracking and delamination in fibers due to enzyme treatment thus facilitating the penetration of bleach chemicals.

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Bio-conventional bleaching of wheat straw soda–AQ pulp with crude xylanases from SH-1 NTCC-1163 and SH-2 NTCC-1164 strains of Coprinellus disseminatus to mitigate AOX generation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: New Biotechnology - Volume 28, Issue 1, 31 January 2011, Pages 47–57
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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