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Hypoxia efficiently induces differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells into endodermal and hepatic progenitor cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3406 168 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Hypoxia efficiently induces differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells into endodermal and hepatic progenitor cells
Abstract

Although ES cells have potential impact on cell-based therapy for liver diseases, their efficient differentiation into functional hepatocytes remains difficult. One possible approach to this issue is to control the culture environment to recapitulate the in vivo liver development. Given that the embryo is exposed to hypoxic condition in its early stage, hypoxic condition seems suitable for inducing early differentiation of ES cells. However, no studies have evaluated the effect of hypoxia on endodermal or early hepatic differentiation of ES cells. Here we investigated the potential role of hypoxia as a regulatory factor in endodermal and subsequent early hepatic differentiation of mouse ES cells. Under the stimulus of retinoic acid, a typical endodermal morphology emerged more dominantly under hypoxia (5% O2) than normoxia. Accordingly, quantitative RT-PCR revealed significant increase in Foxa2 and GATA4, essential transcription factors for endoderm specification. In addition, hypoxia amplified the effects of hepatic induction factors FGF1, FGF4 and HGF, which was evidenced by dramatically increased ALB-GFP-positive cell fraction, as well as increased gene expression levels of ALB, AFP, and CK18. Furthermore, the hepatic progenitor cells induced under hypoxic condition were efficiently differentiated into mature hepatocytes with ALB secretion ability. We also found that the differentiating cells did not consume oxygen even under normoxia, suggesting that oxygen per se might have a negative effect on the normal endodermal and early hepatic differentiation of ES cells. These results will provide useful insight into efficient production of hepatic progenitor cells, and contribute to stem cell-based liver tissue engineering.

► Effect of hypoxia on early hepatic differentiation of mouse ES cells was studied. ► Hypoxia amplified the endodermal and early hepatic differentiation signals. ► The differentiating cells did not consume oxygen even under hypoxia. ► Oxygen may negatively affect the normal early hepatic differentiation of ES cells.

Keywords
Embryonic stem cell; Endodermal differentiation; Hepatic differentiation; HypoxiaAFP, α-fetoprotein; ALB, albumin; CK18, cytokeratin 18; DAPI, 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; ES, embryonic stem; FGF, fibroblast growth factor; Foxa2, forkhead box A2; HGF, h
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Hypoxia efficiently induces differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells into endodermal and hepatic progenitor cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 74, 15 May 2013, Pages 95–101
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us