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Effect of hydrodynamic shear on biogas production and granule characteristics in a continuous stirred tank reactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34159 45007 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of hydrodynamic shear on biogas production and granule characteristics in a continuous stirred tank reactor
Abstract

•The Metzner–Otto method is appropriate to estimate mean shear rate in a CSTR.•Suitable hydrodynamic conditions contribute favorably to the biogas production.•The methane content decreases continuously with increasing shear rate.•The deformation of granule is observed with unchanged density after experiments.

Hydrodynamic shear plays an essential role in the formation, structure, mass transfer, metabolism of microbial community, and consequently the performance of a bioreactor. The present work focuses on an original investigation to study the effect of hydrodynamic shear on the anaerobic biodegradation process in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) equipped with a helical ribbon. The classical Metzner–Otto method was adopted to estimate the mean shear rate and the particle image velocimetry (PIV) was applied to visualize the instantaneous velocity field in the reactor. A constant prefactor of 17.1 was obtained to compute the mean shear rate from the stirring speed of the helical ribbon. An optimal shear rate of 6.8 s−1 is obtained for a maximal biogas production rate. It is due to two antagonist mechanisms, namely the enhanced mass transfer and the structural change of granules. Intense hydrodynamic shear diminishes the methane content as a result of the accumulation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs). In addition, the noticeable deformation of granules is mainly due to the abrasion rather than compaction of granules. The density of granules remains unchanged while mechanical strength is slightly enhanced after the experiments.

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Keywords
Anaerobic digestion; Hydrodynamics; Shear rate; Biogas production; CSTR
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Effect of hydrodynamic shear on biogas production and granule characteristics in a continuous stirred tank reactor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 51, Issue 3, March 2016, Pages 345–351
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us