In vitro 3-D multicellular models for cytotoxicity assay and drug screening
•A high-throughput drug screening system with autofluorescent mES and human colon cancer cells.•Cells were cultured in 3-D PET scaffolds mimicking in vivo microenvironment.•The 3-D cultures could be used as more reliable models for assessing dose-dependent drug responses.•The in vitro HT-29 cell model could predict the effective dosage of 5-FU for treating colon cancer.•This system should have applications in early-stage drug discovery and toxicological evaluation.
Three-dimensional (3-D) cell culture models have been developed to improve drug screening and predictive efficacy. In this study, a high-throughput drug screening system with autofluorescent cells cultured in 3-D polyethylene terephthalate (PET) scaffolds mimicking in vivo microenvironment was developed. Using a modified microbioreactor platform designed specifically for 3-D cell cultures, three commonly used drugs, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), gemcitabine, and sodium butyrate, were tested for their cytotoxicity on 3-D mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells and human colon cancer HT-29 cells, respectively. In general, 3-D cultures with multicellular structures exhibited similar expression in Ki-67 (a proliferation marker) and p27kip1 (a quiescence marker) as compared to fresh tissues, and gave better predictive values of effective drug dosage in vivo. The 3-D multicellular mES and HT-29 cultures could be used as more reliable models for assessing dose-dependent drug responses, potentially reducing or partially replacing animal experiments, and thus should have applications in the early-stage drug discovery as well as toxicological evaluation of chemical compounds.
Graphical abstractMicrobioreactors on modified 384-well plate with 3-D PET scaffold for growing cells expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) in response to drug as a multicellular model for high throughput cytotoxicity and drug efficacy screening.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 51, Issue 6, June 2016, Pages 772–780