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Preparation of some metabolites of timosaponin BII by biotransformation in vitro

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34212 45010 2015 6 PDF Available
Title
Preparation of some metabolites of timosaponin BII by biotransformation in vitro
Abstract

•Biotransformation was applied to prepare metabolites of a natural drug candidate.•The efficiency and the products of transformation are glucose-dependent.•Special products can be selectively prepared through this bioprocess.•Four deglycosylated products were identified and one of them was newly discovered.•Both C26 and C3 glucopyranosyl residue of timosaponin BII can be hydrolyzed by C. gloeosporioides.

Timosaponin BII (TBII) is an active constituent of some Chinese medicinal herbs, and is abundant in Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge. To better understand the pharmaceutical mechanisms of TBII, we prepared its deglycosylated derivatives through biotransformation with fungi Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Acremonium alternatum and Aspergillus niger. In the presence of 10 g/L glucose, transformation with C. gloeosporioides yielded 4 products: timosaponin AIII (P3) and AI (P5) and their beta isoforms (P2 and P4 respectively). However, P4 and P5 could not be detected when 0–5 g/L glucose was applied; P2 and P3 disappeared at 20 g/L glucose. P4 is a newly discovered compound. We firstly report that fungi in whole cell model can hydrolyze C3-O-glucopyranosyl residues of steroidal saponins after removing the C26 sugar. Therefore, the transformation efficiency depends on glucose. Transformation of TBII, and maybe other steroidal saponins, with C. gloeosporioides is an ideal method to prepare the metabolites in vitro.

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Keywords
Timosaponin BII; Steroidal saponin; Biotransformation; Colletotrichum gloeosporioides; Metabolite
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Preparation of some metabolites of timosaponin BII by biotransformation in vitro
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 50, Issue 12, December 2015, Pages 2182–2187
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us