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Design of online off-gas analysis system for anaerobic ABE fermentation and the strategy for improving biobutanol production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34249 45013 2016 6 PDF Available
Title
Design of online off-gas analysis system for anaerobic ABE fermentation and the strategy for improving biobutanol production
Abstract

•An on-line off-gas analysis system was firstly designed for anaerobic fermentation.•The effect of neutral red on metabolic distribution was studied with off-gas analysis.•ABE fermentation with cell immobilization was performed with neutral red addition to improve target products.

Hydrogen and carbon dioxide as the main products of anaerobic acetone–butanol–ethanol (ABE) fermentation are very crucial for metabolic flux analysis. Up to the present, rare study has been devoted to real-time analysis on gas products of anaerobic fermentation systems. An on-line off-gas analysis system was therefore designed to monitor the off-gas produced in ABE fermentation with good accuracy. To deal with the influence from oxygen and off-gas variation during the fermentation, a strictly sealed monitoring system was set up to accurately analyze the off-gas while maintaining the oxygen-free environment in the bioreactor. At the meantime, the effect of electron carrier (neutral red) on metabolic distribution was studied in the free cell and immobilized cell fermentations. Compared to 13.7 g/L butanol (21.3 g/L ABE) and 20.8 L H2 in 44 h in free cell fermentation, 16.8 g/L butanol (26.8 g/L ABE) and 23.9 L H2 in 35 h in immobilized cell fermentation were produced in the addition of neutral red, suggesting that more NADH was produced for solvents biosynthesis. It is therefore demonstrated that the established on-line off-gas analysis system and optimization strategy for improving butanol production facilitate metabolic analysis and biofuels production in anaerobic ABE fermentation.

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Keywords
Off-gas analysis; ABE fermentation; Neutral red; Fibrous bed bioreactor (FBB) system
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Design of online off-gas analysis system for anaerobic ABE fermentation and the strategy for improving biobutanol production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 51, Issue 5, May 2016, Pages 555–560
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us