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Study of simultaneous partial nitrification, ANAMMOX and denitrification (SNAD) process in an intermittent aeration membrane bioreactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34258 45013 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
Study of simultaneous partial nitrification, ANAMMOX and denitrification (SNAD) process in an intermittent aeration membrane bioreactor
Abstract

•RSM was used to obtain the optimal parameters.•Under optimal parameters, TN and COD removal efficiencies were 92.1% and 98.0%.•Influent C/N = 0.67 (COD up to 200 mg/L), the stability of SNAD system was broken.•Carbon and nitrogen removal model analysis was based on the mass balance.•Average N2O and NO emissions were 2.0% and 0.17% of TN under optimal parameters.

Simultaneous partial nitrification, ANAMMOX and denitrification (SNAD) process was applied to remove ammonium and COD from wastewater in an intermittent aeration membrane bioreactor (MBR). The operating parameters (influent carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N), alternating aerobic/anaerobic (Tae/Tan) period and air flow) were optimized through response surface methodology (RSM). The optimal operating parameters were: a C/N of 0.42–0.55, a Tae/Tan of 1 min/(2.5–3.1) min and an air flow of 0.48–0.51 L min−1. Under these conditions, the mean N2O and NO (biogas) emissions were 2.0% and 0.17% of the total incoming nitrogen, respectively. For the SNAD process, stoichiometric modeling results indicated that total nitrogen (TN) removal by ANAMMOX was 76.1%, and that heterotrophic denitrification was responsible for 19.0% of TN removal and 95.0% of COD removal. Photo of SNAD granules, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescence in situ hybridizations (FISH) analysis proved the co-existence of AOB, ANAMMOX and denitrifying bacteria in the reactor, and showed that the biomass in the outer part of the SNAD granule was mostly AOB, while ANAMMOX and denitrifiers were in the inner anoxic part. These results provide useful information for the application of the SNAD process.

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Keywords
SNAD; Membrane bioreactor; Optimisation; Biogas; Mass balance approach
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Study of simultaneous partial nitrification, ANAMMOX and denitrification (SNAD) process in an intermittent aeration membrane bioreactor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 51, Issue 5, May 2016, Pages 632–641
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us