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2,4-Dichlorophenol removal by purified horseradish peroxidase enzyme and crude extract from horseradish immobilized to nano spray dried ethyl cellulose particles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34283 45016 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
2,4-Dichlorophenol removal by purified horseradish peroxidase enzyme and crude extract from horseradish immobilized to nano spray dried ethyl cellulose particles
Abstract

•Fine ethyl cellulose particles were prepared by nano spray drying method.•Purified and extracted horseradish peroxidase was immobilized on fine ethyl cellulose carrier.•Immobilization of horseradish peroxidase improved its pH tolerance and storing stability.•The immobilized enzyme removed efficiently 2,4-dichlorophenol (>90%).•Concentration of 2,4-dichlorophenol and H2O2 influenced mostly the substrate conversion.

Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is a promising catalyst in the enzymatic process of phenolic compounds removal from wastewaters. Enzyme immobilization provides important benefits in a biotechnological process. Fine particles with a high surface-to-volume ratio composed of ethyl cellulose (EC) polymer were generated by Nano Spray Dryer B-90 as supports for HRP. Carrier particles were prepared by spray caps with hole size of 7 μm, 5.5 μm and 4 μm. Purified HRP and crude extract from horseradish were covalently bound to the carrier using a carbodiimide cross-linker. The attached HRP content, the effect of pH on the activity and the storage stability were investigated. 2,4-dichlorophenol, an extremely persistent chlorinated phenol was removed by the immobilized enzyme, and the effect of main process parameters such as H2O2 and 2,4-dichlorophenol substrate concentrations were studied. After immobilization both the purified HRP and the horseradish extract performed better in the pH range of 4–10 and could preserve the activity substantially longer than the free enzyme. The immobilized enzyme was found to be outstandingly efficient (in optimal case close to 100%) in the elimination of 2,4-dichlorophenol, which was also the consequence of the high adsorbing capacity of the fine particles. The reuse study proved the operational stability of HRP attached to EC even after 10 consecutive cycles.

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Keywords
Horseradish peroxidase; Eethyl cellulose carrier; Nano spray drying; Immobilization; 2,4-Dichlorophenol removal
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2,4-Dichlorophenol removal by purified horseradish peroxidase enzyme and crude extract from horseradish immobilized to nano spray dried ethyl cellulose particles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 50, Issue 11, November 2015, Pages 1835–1842
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us