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Effect of the acclimation of a Streptomyces consortium on lindane biodegradation by free and immobilized cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34293 45016 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Effect of the acclimation of a Streptomyces consortium on lindane biodegradation by free and immobilized cells
Abstract

•Acclimation stimulated the microbial growth and lindane removal in liquid systems.•Acclimation of the actinobacteria consortium is not necessary in slurry system.•Three metabolites of lindane degradation were identified in liquid medium.•Chloride ions released confirmed lindane degradation in the slurry system.•Bioassays proved the effectiveness of bioremediation in liquid and slurry systems.

Lindane is an organochlorine pesticide widely used in agriculture, human health, and veterinary. It is a persistent organic pollutant, representing a serious risk since its residues are still in the environment. The aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of the acclimation of free and immobilized Streptomyces consortium on lindane degradation in liquid and slurry systems. The actinobacteria consortium demonstrated stability since the survival of all members was confirmed after the acclimation period. It reached higher biomass (0.56–0.65 g L−1) and lindane removal (40–97%) than the consortium without acclimation (0.37–0.44 g L−1; 33–87%) when it was cultured in liquid medium with 20 and 50 mg L−1 of lindane. In contrast, lindane removal achieved by an acclimated and immobilized consortium in a slurry system (50%) did not present significant difference respect to the consortium without acclimation. Moreover, lindane degradation was confirmed by identification of three metabolites in liquid medium, 1,2- and 1,4-dichlorobenzene, and γ-pentachlorocyclohexene; and by determination of chloride ions released in a slurry system. Bioassays with Lactuca sativa demonstrated the effectiveness of the bioremediation by the acclimated consortium in both systems, since the seedlings showed an improvement in its biological parameters compared to abiotic controls, confirming a significant decrease in toxicity.

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Keywords
Acclimation; Lindane; Biodegradation; Consortium; Immbilization; Streptomyces
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Effect of the acclimation of a Streptomyces consortium on lindane biodegradation by free and immobilized cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 50, Issue 11, November 2015, Pages 1923–1933
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us