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A potential cellulose microfibril swelling enzyme isolated from Bacillus sp. AY8 enhances cellulose hydrolysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34339 45018 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
A potential cellulose microfibril swelling enzyme isolated from Bacillus sp. AY8 enhances cellulose hydrolysis
Abstract

•We isolate and identify a potential cellulose microfibril swelling enzyme (Cms) producing strain, Bacillus sp. AY8.•Purified Cms disrupts cellulose intra-chain, inter-chain, and inter-sheet H-bonds.•The biochemical characterization of Cms was conducted using Congo red colorimetric method.•The Cms serves as a potential source for the maximum sugar production from saccharification.

An enzyme of 16.8 ± 0.5 kDa, designated the potential cellulose microfibril swelling enzyme (Cms), was purified from newly isolated Bacillus sp. AY8 culture filtrate. The Cms-treated cotton cellulose hydrogen (H) bond intensity at approximately 3000–4000 cm−1 decreased, and consequently, the crystalline index declined by 2.07%, as shown by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. In addition, carbon atoms shifted the resonance up- or downfield, as shown by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). These results indicate that the Cms caused swelling of the cotton by weakening the cellulose intra-chain, inter-chain, and inter-sheet H-bonds. The optimum pH and temperature of the Cms were 7 and 37 °C, respectively. The activity of the Cms was enhanced by 2.24-fold in the presence of Cu2+ ions. The Cms-treated avicel yielded a 1.58-fold greater reducing sugar than that of the untreated avicel after 48 h of saccharification. This study revealed a potential cellulose swelling enzyme found in nature that may have significant applications in the bioethanol industry.

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Keywords
Cellulose H-bonds; Cellulose swelling; Bacillus sp. AY8; Cellulose swelling enzyme; Enhanced saccharification
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A potential cellulose microfibril swelling enzyme isolated from Bacillus sp. AY8 enhances cellulose hydrolysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 50, Issue 5, May 2015, Pages 807–815
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us