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Purification and characterization of solvent stable, alkaline protease from Bacillus firmus CAS 7 by microbial conversion of marine wastes and molecular mechanism underlying solvent stability

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34379 45020 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Purification and characterization of solvent stable, alkaline protease from Bacillus firmus CAS 7 by microbial conversion of marine wastes and molecular mechanism underlying solvent stability
Abstract

•First report on protease from B. firmus by microbial conversion of marine wastes.•Purified protease exhibited higher stability with denaturants and solvents.•First study on molecular mechanism underlying solvent stability through MDS.•Utilization of marine waste for inexpensive protease production.•B. firmus could be useful to industrial process for conversion of marine wastes.

A marine bacterium Bacillus firmus CAS 7 produced protease in the medium supplemented with 3:1 shrimp and crab shell powder at 55 °C and was purified with the specific activity of 473.4 U/mg. The purified protease was highly stable up to 70 °C, pH 11.0 and 30% NaCl. The protease purified was quite stable in the presence of anionic and non-ionic surfactants and organic solvents. The molecular dynamics simulation confirmed that the competition between organic solvent and water for the enzyme surface was comparatively higher in water–miscible organic solvent which is responsible for organic solvent stability. The purified protease from B. firmus CAS 7 could be greatly useful to develop industrial processes performed under harsh conditions or with denaturants and organic solvents. The protease production by microbial conversion of marine wastes suggested its potential utilization to generate high value-added products.

Keywords
Bacillus firmus; Marine wastes; Protease; Utilization; MDS; Solvents
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Purification and characterization of solvent stable, alkaline protease from Bacillus firmus CAS 7 by microbial conversion of marine wastes and molecular mechanism underlying solvent stability
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 49, Issue 6, June 2014, Pages 1012–1019
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Price was $35.95
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