Combination of dilute acid and ionic liquid pretreatments of sugarcane bagasse for glucose by enzymatic hydrolysis
•Hemicellulose was easily removed as sugars by dilute acid-pretreatment.•The sugars were efficiently utilized for 2,3-butanediol production.•IL greatly decreased cellulose crystallinity of the acid-pretreated residue.•Combined acid- and IL-pretreatments yielded high glucose yield (95.5%).
Loss of hemicellulose and inability to effectively decrystallize cellulose, result in low yield and high cost of sugars derived from biomass. In this work, dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment could easily remove most of hemicellulose as sugars. The sugars were successfully used for 2,3-butanediol production with relative high yield (36.1%). Then, the remained solid residue after acid-pretreatment was further pretreated by ionic liquid (IL) to decrease its crystallinity for subsequent enzymatic saccharification. The combination of dilute acid- and IL-pretreatments resulted in significant higher glucose yield (95.5%) in enzymatic saccharification, which was more effective than using dilute acid- or IL-pretreatment alone. This strategy seems a promising route to achieve high yield of sugars from both hemicellulose and cellulose for biorefinery.
Graphical abstractThe pretreatments with both dilute acid and IL resulted in remarkably higher glucose yield (95.5%) as compared with the yields of 46.1% for acid-pretreated, 40.8% for IL-pretreated, and 19.3% for untreated bagasse after 72 h enzymatic saccharification.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 48, Issue 12, December 2013, Pages 1942–1946