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Biosynthesis of γ-aminobutyric acid by a recombinant Bacillus subtilis strain expressing the glutamate decarboxylase gene derived from Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus Y2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34442 45026 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Biosynthesis of γ-aminobutyric acid by a recombinant Bacillus subtilis strain expressing the glutamate decarboxylase gene derived from Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus Y2
Abstract

•The T7 RNAP-driven expression system was introduced to Bacillus subtilis.•The GAD gene from Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus Y2 was expressed in B. subtilis using the T7 RNAP-driven expression system.•The transcriptional profile of T7 RNAP-driven expression system was compared with other promoters.•GABA biosynthesis efficiency of the BS710 [pBT-SY2-gadB] cell is the highest ever reported in B. subtilis.

We expressed glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) from Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus Y2 in Bacillus subtilis to achieve synthesis of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Expression of the GAD gene in B. subtilis was achieved using the Escherichia coli T7 RNA polymerase (T7 RNAP) expression system. The culture reached maximal SY2-rGAD activity at 48 h of cultivation (16.2 U/mg protein), and after a four-step purification, the specific activity reached 163.4 U/mg protein. The molecular masses of SY2-rGAD under denaturing and native conditions were 53 kDa and 110 kDa, respectively, indicating that SY2-rGAD exists as a homodimer. Its optimum temperature and pH were 55 °C and 4.5, respectively. The purified SY2-rGAD was specific for L-glutamate (Km = 2.72 mM, Vmax = 165.8 μmol/h/mg, Kcat = 5 S−1). The GABA-synthesizing ability of the recombinant non-growing B. subtilis is 512.9 μmol/h/g (wet cells), which was more than 13-fold higher than that reported for S. thermophilus Y2 (39.2 μmol/h/g). After 12 h, the GABA biosynthesized by this recombinant B. subtilis strain reached 5.26 g/L. To the best of our knowledge, the yield of GABA here is higher than that reported previously by B. subtilis.

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Keywords
Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus Y2; Glutamate decarboxylase; Heterologous expression; Bacillus subtilis; Biosynthesis of GABA
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Biosynthesis of γ-aminobutyric acid by a recombinant Bacillus subtilis strain expressing the glutamate decarboxylase gene derived from Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus Y2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 49, Issue 11, November 2014, Pages 1851–1857
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us