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Solvent tolerant lipases: A review

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34476 45027 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Solvent tolerant lipases: A review
Abstract

•Lipase catalysis is dependent on its tolerance to different solvent systems.•Besides activity, stability is a prerequisite for lipase application in different industries.•Biocatalysis in different solvent systems contributes to lipase application potentials.

Lipases have proven to be useful in different hydrolytic and synthetic reactions of industrial importance. Microbial strains from natural and extreme environments produce lipases with unique characteristics. The ability of lipase to withstand different environmental conditions during reactions, including temperature and pH, is essential. Solvent systems tend to affect lipase-catalyzed reactions, and thus the careful selection of both the medium and the lipase source is necessary. This review considers different solvent systems used in lipase-catalyzed reactions and some of the enzymatic properties required for function. Other properties of interest besides enzyme activity include tolerance, stability and compatibility to different reaction media, such as acid, alkaline, salt, organic solvents and other compatible solvents (ionic liquids and detergents). For lipase to be used in a detergent, its thermostability and alkaline tolerance must be well pronounced. In addition, organic solvent stability plays an essential role in employing lipases for biodiesel production. Thus, the selection of the lipase for each application is based on specificity and stability in different solvent systems, which gives lipases many potential applications in aqueous and non-aqueous biocatalysis.

Graphical abstractApplication of lipases in different solvent systems. Each line within the main circle represents a particular solvent system, and the number(s) in parenthesis indicate reference(s).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Lipase; Organic solvent; Tolerance; Alkaline; Biocatalysis
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Solvent tolerant lipases: A review
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 50, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages 86–96
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us