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Enzymatic treatment of wastewater from the corn tortilla industry using chitosan as an adsorbent reduces the chemical oxygen demand and ferulic acid content

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34481 45027 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Enzymatic treatment of wastewater from the corn tortilla industry using chitosan as an adsorbent reduces the chemical oxygen demand and ferulic acid content
Abstract

•High reduction in COD of maize effluent by enzymatic oxidation and adsorption.•Grafted chitosan produced as value-added product.•Grafted chitosan with higher antioxidant capacity and viscosity.

The residual effluent from the corn tortilla industry, referred to as Nejayote in Mexico, causes serious pollution problems because of its high chemical oxygen demand (COD). However, as this effluent contains valuable corn phytochemicals, such as ferulic acid and its derivatives, it also represents an opportunity to produce high-added-value biocompounds. In this work, we addressed environmental and biosynthetic approaches by applying laccase oxidative treatment in the presence of chitosan to reduce the environmental impact of the effluents from the tortilla industry. A central composite design pattern was used to understand the relationship between several variables (pH, temperature, reaction time, and enzyme quantity) and two responses (removal of ferulic acid derivatives and COD decrease). The optimum conditions for maximizing both responses were pH 6, 35 °C, 24 h, and 0.3025 nmoles laccase, which resulted in 70 and 78% decreases in phenolics and COD, respectively. UV–vis, fluorescence and FTIR analyses revealed enzymatic grafting of chitosan with phenolics from the effluent. Grafted chitosan presented a higher capacity to scavenge DPPH radicals (EC50 1.9 mg/mL) than neat chitosan (EC50 2.5 mg/mL) and higher viscosity values. The obtained results indicate that a process involving a single enzymatic step could be adequate to decrease the effluent COD and to generate polymers with potential applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries.

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Keywords
Environmental biocatalysis; Grafted-chitosan; Laccase; Maize effluent; Nejayote
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Enzymatic treatment of wastewater from the corn tortilla industry using chitosan as an adsorbent reduces the chemical oxygen demand and ferulic acid content
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 50, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages 125–133
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us