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Improvement of biodegradation in compact co-current biotrickling filter by high recycle liquid flow rate: Performance and biodegradation kinetics of ammonia removal

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34506 45030 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Improvement of biodegradation in compact co-current biotrickling filter by high recycle liquid flow rate: Performance and biodegradation kinetics of ammonia removal
Abstract

•Performance of a compact biotrickling filter for ammonia removal was studied.•The high potential of the biotrickling was obtained with high recycle liquid flow rates.•The biodegradation kinetics of ammonia removal was discussed by the Haldane model.

As a microbial-environmental-control-type deodorizing system, we have developed a compact biotrickling filter system for small-scale livestock farms. The performance of the compact co-current biotrickling filter operated at high recycle liquid flow rates was systematically examined. In particular, we studied improvements in the nitrification ability of the system due to the resultant enhancement of absorption and dissolution of NH3 and absorption of O2 with the high flow rates of recycle liquid flowing downward co-currently with gas flow. At the empty bed residence time of 50 s, almost complete removal of NH3 was obtained with recycle liquid flow rates of 103 and 205 L m−3 day−1 for 20 days while the inlet NH3 concentration was increased from 200 to 500 ppm. With a recycle liquid flow rate of 411 L m−3 day−1 the removal efficiency remained above 95% for 57 days while the inlet NH3 concentration was increased from 200 to 700 ppm. The biodegradation kinetics for NH3 removal was successfully analyzed using the Haldane substrate inhibition kinetics. The present data and kinetic analyses showed that the substrate inhibition was suppressed and the biodegradation of ammonia in the compact biotrickling filter could be improved by the high recycle liquid flow rate.

Graphical abstractElimination capacity in a compact co-current biotrickling filter for NH3 removal with high recycle liquid flow.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Biotrickling filter; Ammonia abatement; Rock wool; Pressure drop; Substrate inhibition
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Improvement of biodegradation in compact co-current biotrickling filter by high recycle liquid flow rate: Performance and biodegradation kinetics of ammonia removal
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 49, Issue 10, October 2014, Pages 1733–1740
Authors
, , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us