Isolation, purification and characterization of pepsin soluble collagen isolated from silvertip shark (Carcharhinus albimarginatus) skeletal and head bone
•Isolated collagens were characterized as type II collagen.•Primary and secondary structures were similar for skeletal and head collagens.•Denaturation temperature of collagens was higher than mammalian collagen.•High mineral content observed in extracted raw materials.
Type II pepsin soluble collagens (PSC) were isolated from skeletal and head bone of silvertip shark; and examined for their biochemical and structural properties. Among the raw materials, the protein content (8.99%) was high in skeletal bone and the ash content (28%) was high in head bone. After the collagen extraction, the raw materials contained higher amount of ash content ranging from 82 to 88%. The hydroxyproline content of skeletal and skeletal PSC (30 and 113 mg/g) was higher than those head and head PSC. Both collagens were composed of two different α-chains (α1- and α2-chains) and were characterized as type II collagen. Amino acid analysis of skeletal and head PSC indicated imino acid contents of 156 and 175 amino acid residues per 1000 residues, respectively. Similar, Fourier transform infrared spectra of SCII and HCII were observed, which suggested that the isolation process did not affect the secondary structure and molecular order of collagen, particularly the triple–helical structure. Denaturation temperature of skeletal PSC (31 °C) was higher than that of head PSC. SEM microstructure of the collagens depicted a porous, fibrillary and multi-layered structure. These results suggested that the PSC isolated from skeletal and head bone of silvertip shark were found to be suitable biomaterial in commercial applications as alternatives to mammalian collagen.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 49, Issue 10, October 2014, Pages 1767–1777