fulltext.study @t Gmail

Cloning, purification and characterization of a thermostable β-galactosidase from Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34519 45032 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Cloning, purification and characterization of a thermostable β-galactosidase from Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10
Abstract

•β-Galactosidase from Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10 was expressed in soluble form and showed high activity.•β-Galactosidase from Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10 showed high thermostability from 75 °C to 90 °C.•β-Galactosidase from Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10 showed both lactose hydrolysis activity and transglycosylation activity.•β-Galactosidase from Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10 can be used in lactose conversion or alkyl galactoside synthesis.

A novel β-galactosidase gene (Tnap1577) from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) cells to produce β-galactosidase. The recombinant β-galactosidase was purified in three steps: heat treatment to deactivate E. coli proteins, Ni-NTA affinity chromatography and Q-sepharose chromatography. The optimum temperatures for the hydrolysis of o-nitrophenyl-β-d-galactoside (o-NPG) and lactose with the recombinant β-galactosidase were found to be 90 °C and 70 °C, respectively. The corresponding optimum pH values were 6.8 and 5.8, respectively. The molecular mass of the enzyme was estimated to be 70 kDa by SDS-PAGE analysis. Thermostability studies showed that the half-lives of the recombinant enzyme at 75 °C, 80 °C, 85 °C and 90 °C were 10.5, 4, 1, and 0.3 h, respectively. Kinetic studies on the recombinant β-galactosidase revealed Km values for the hydrolysis of o-NPG and lactose of 1.31 mM and 1.43 mM, respectively. These values are considerably lower than those reported for other hyperthermophilic β-galactosidases, indicating high intrinsic affinity for these substrates. The recombinant β-galactosidase from Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10 also showed transglycosylation activity in the synthesis of alkyl galactopyranoside. This additional activity suggests the enzyme has potential for broader biotechnological applications beyond the degradation of lactose.

Keywords
β-Galactosidase; Thermostable enzyme; Thermotoga naphthophila; Transglycosylation
First Page Preview
Cloning, purification and characterization of a thermostable β-galactosidase from Thermotoga naphthophila RUK-10
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 49, Issue 5, May 2014, Pages 775–782
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us