Physicochemical characterization of a thermostable glycoprotein bioemulsifier from Solibacillus silvestris AM1
•Genus Solibacillus has been reported for the first time for bioemulsifier production.•This is the first report of flagellin-like glycoprotein bioemulsifier.•Bioemulsifier AM1 is thermostable, salt tolerant and active in wide pH range.•It is versatile in emulsifying aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons as well as oils.•Emulsions formed by it have pseudoplastic non-Newtonian rheological properties.
A novel estuarine bacterial strain, Solibacillus silvestris AM1, was found to produce an extracellular, multimeric glycoprotein bioemulsifier, termed AM1, with a MW of 200 kDa and containing 30 kDa monomeric subunits. The bioemulsifier contained 3.6% of the minor carbohydrate components galactose and ribose/xylose. LC/MS-MS of the 30 kDa subunit revealed its homology with a flagellin-like protein arranged in the form of fibers, as shown by transmission electron micrographs. This is the first report of a flagellin-like protein that exhibits bioemulsifier activity being produced from a member of the Solibacillus genus. Bioemulsifier AM1 has a high emulsification index of 62.5% with 10−2 critical micellar dilution. It was found to be thermostable and active in the pH 5–9 and 0–5 M NaCl ranges. Moreover, AM1 formed stable emulsions with a broad range of solvents, including aliphatics, aromatic hydrocarbons and oils, performing better than the well-known bioemulsifier emulsan. Emulsions formed with trichlorobenzene and paraffin oil have a pseudoplastic non-Newtonian rheological property, as observed by particle size and shear stress analysis. AM1, an eco-friendly bioemulsifier, formed stable emulsions in varied physical conditions, and these attributes may prove to be advantageous in cosmetic, pharmaceutical and environmental applications.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 48, Issue 11, November 2013, Pages 1800–1808