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Tetrameric peptide purified from hydrolysates of biodiesel byproducts of Nannochloropsis oculata induces osteoblastic differentiation through MAPK and Smad pathway on MG-63 and D1 cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34634 45037 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
Tetrameric peptide purified from hydrolysates of biodiesel byproducts of Nannochloropsis oculata induces osteoblastic differentiation through MAPK and Smad pathway on MG-63 and D1 cells
Abstract

•A peptide was isolated from biodiesel by-products of microalgae.•A peptide, MPDW (529.2 Da) was identified.•Purified peptide promotes osteoblast differentiation in MG-63 and D1 cells.•Purified peptide may provide possibility for treating bone diseases.

Ongoing efforts to search for bioactive substances for bone diseases have led to the discovery of natural products with substantial bioactive properties. In this present study, an osteoblast activating-peptide was isolated from biodiesel by-products of microalgae, Nannochloropsis oculata. To utilize biodiesel by-products of N. oculata and evaluate their beneficial effects, enzymatic hydrolysis was carried out using commercial enzymes such as alcalase, flavourzyme, neutrase, trypsin (PTN™), protamex and alcalase hydrolysate exhibited the highest osteoblastic differentiation activity. Using consecutive purification by liquid chromatographic techniques, an osteoblast-differentiatory peptide was purified and identified to be a peptide (MPDW, 529.2 Da) by the tandem MS analysis. The results showed that purified peptide promotes osteoblast differentiation by increasing expression of several osteoblast phenotype markers such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin, collagen type I, BMP-2, BMP2/4 and bone mineralization in both human osteoblastic cell (MG-63) and murine mesenchymal stem cell (D1). In addition, the purified peptide induced phosphorylation of MAPK and Smad pathway in both cells. These results suggest that peptide possesses positive effects on osteoblast differentiation and may provide possibility for treating bone diseases.

Keywords
Marine microalgae; Nannochloropsis oculata; Biodiesel byproducts; Osteoblast differentiation; Purified peptide
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Tetrameric peptide purified from hydrolysates of biodiesel byproducts of Nannochloropsis oculata induces osteoblastic differentiation through MAPK and Smad pathway on MG-63 and D1 cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 48, Issue 9, September 2013, Pages 1387–1394
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us