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Investigation of the structure and proteolytic activity of papain in aqueous miscible organic media

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34676 45039 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Investigation of the structure and proteolytic activity of papain in aqueous miscible organic media
Abstract

The stability of papain was studied in aqueous–organic mixtures by means of residual proteolytic activity along with various spectroscopic analyses (fluorescence and ATR-FTIR combined with isotopic exchange with D2O). The investigated systems contained 1 or 10% (v/v) of an aqueous buffered solution (pH 8.0) in acetonitrile (ACN), methanol (MeOH) or dimethyl formamide (DMF). The results evidenced that papain retained almost all its catalytic activity after 24 h of incubation in the presence of ACN, and a more compact conformation of the enzyme was detected. Papain suffered an important loss of enzymatic activity (ca. 80%) after 24 h incubation in MeOH although, no global conformational change and minor secondary structure rearrangements were detected. This observation suggests that somehow the active site region was altered. On the other hand, papain suffered a complete inactivation when exposed to those media containing DMF. Fluorescence analyses revealed that an irreversible conformational change took place after 24 h incubation, and a moderate increase in β-sheet and β-turn structures was the most relevant finding when secondary structure was analyzed. The evidences demonstrated that the organic solvents induce a more rigid and compact structure of papain regardless of the organic:buffer ratio investigated. In turn, these modifications affect the active catalytic site in the particular case of MeOH and DMF. These findings were in agreement with the thermo-stability of the enzyme performed after heating at 353 K in all the studied media, that is the presence of ACN did not substantially affect the secondary structure of papain. Nevertheless, the α-helix domain demonstrated to be less thermally stable than the β-sheet domain, turning into aggregated structures after heating, especially in the presence of MeOH and DMF.

► Biological and structural stability of papain in aqueous miscible organic mixtures was investigated. ► Organic solvents induce a more rigid and compact structure of papain. ► The enzymatic activity is not altered upon incubation in acetonitrile–aqueous mixtures. ► Methanol and dimethyl formamide unstabilize the catalytic active site of papain. ► Papain is thermally stable up to 353 K after exposure to acetonitrile–aqueous mixtures.

Keywords
Papain; Aqueous–organic media; Catalytic stability; Structural stability; Thermal stability; Fluorescence spectroscopy; ATR-FTIR spectroscopy
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Investigation of the structure and proteolytic activity of papain in aqueous miscible organic media
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 47, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 47–56
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us