High-loading oil palm empty fruit bunch saccharification using cellulases from Trichoderma koningii MF6
•New mutant T. Koningii MF6 was developed with enhanced cellulase production.•High sugar yield of 770–844 mg/g OPEFB was obtained at high OPEFB loading.•High cellulose to glucose conversion (>84%) was obtained at high solid loading.•Sugar titer reached 125.5 g/L at 72 h and 135.1 g/L at 96 h for 16% (w/v) OPEFB.
Strain Trichoderma koningii D-64 was improved for enhanced cellulase production. A potential mutant MF6 was obtained and its enzymes contained filter paper cellulase (FPase), carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase), β-glucosidase and xylanase with respective activities of 2.0, 1.3, 2.0 and 3.0 folds of those for the parental strain. MF6 cellulases showed enhanced hydrolysis performance for the treated lignocellulosic biomass. Hydrolysis of treated oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB), horticulture wastes (HW) and wood chips (WC) resulted in cellulose to glucose conversion of 96.3 ± 2.2%, 98.2 ± 3.0% and 81.9 ± 1.4%, respectively. The corresponding conversions of xylan to xylose were 96.9 ± 1.5%, 95.0 ± 2.2% and 76.1 ± 3.1%. Consistently, high sugar yield of 770–844 mg/g biomass was obtained for high-loading (10–16%, w/v) of OPEFB hydrolysis and sugar titer of 135.1 g/L was obtained for 16% (w/v) OPEFB loading at 96 h. In addition, MF6 enzymes alone performed equally well for high-loading OPEFB hydrolysis compared to the enzyme mixture of β-glucosidase from Aspergillus niger and cellulase from T. reesei Rut C30.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 49, Issue 4, April 2014, Pages 673–680