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Relationship among carotenoid production, copper bioremediation and oxidative stress in Rhodotorula mucilaginosa RCL-11

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34729 45042 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Relationship among carotenoid production, copper bioremediation and oxidative stress in Rhodotorula mucilaginosa RCL-11
Abstract

•Copper overload augmented carotenoid production in Rodothorula mucilaginosa RCL-11.•Carotenoids negatively influenced heavy metal remotion.•Hydrogen peroxide also increased carotenoid biosynthesis.•Analysis of carotenoid profiles suggests that it could be involved in specific stress responses.

Rhodotorula mucilaginosa RCL-11, a pigmented yeast isolated from a filter plant of a copper mine in the province of Tucumán, Argentina, supports high concentrations of the heavy metal Cu(II). Copper overload augmented carotenoid biosynthesis in this yeast, modifying at the same time the relative proportion of the pigments produced. Inhibition of the synthesis pathway with diphenylamine suggests an inverse relationship between carotenoid and copper biosorption by R. mucilaginosa RCL-11. The increased activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase measured under inhibition of carotenoid biosynthesis could explain these observations. Exposure to H2O2, a second oxidative stress agent, alone or in combination with Cu(II) also modified the carotenoid content, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The change in the relative proportion of the carotenoids torularhodin, torulene and beta-carotena, as well as the detection of gamma-carotene in the presence of H2O2 and Cu(II) allows to hypothesize that the carotenoids produced by R. mucilaginosa RCL-11 plays different roles in the oxidative stress response of this yeast.

Keywords
Carotenoids; Copper overload; Yeast; Oxidative stress
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Relationship among carotenoid production, copper bioremediation and oxidative stress in Rhodotorula mucilaginosa RCL-11
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 48, Issues 5–6, May–June 2013, Pages 803–809
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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100% Money Back Guarantee
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