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Structural comparison and enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis of eucalyptus cellulose via pretreatment with different ionic liquids and catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34734 45042 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Structural comparison and enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis of eucalyptus cellulose via pretreatment with different ionic liquids and catalysts
Abstract

•ILs and catalysts pretreatment were used to promote the hydrolysis of cellulose.•CrI was significantly decreased from 70.2% to 31.2% after [AMIM]Cl pretreatment.•[BMIM]Cl is more efficient in dissolving cellulose than other ILs.•Regenerated cellulose is highly disrupted with increased surface area and porosity.

Eucalyptus was fractionated with mild alkaline process, and the obtained cellulose fraction was pretreated with various ionic liquids (ILs) to enhance the enzymatic saccharification. The results showed that the ILs used was efficient for the hydrolysis of cellulose, with the maximum total reducing sugars (TRS) yield over 80% at 50 °C. The regenerated cellulose substrate exhibited a significant improvement about 4.4–6.4 folds enhancement on saccharification rate during the first 4 h reaction. The crystallinity index (CrI) of cellulose via 1-ally-3-methylimidazolium ([AMIM]Cl) pretreatment was significantly decreased from 70.2% to 31.2%, resulting in structural change from cellulose I to cellulose II, which enabled the cellulase enzymes easier access to hydrolyze cellulose. However, 1-butyl-3methylimidazolium acesulfamate ([BMIM]Ace) pretreatment had no large effect on the CrI although a high conversion yield in glucose was obtained. The surface morphologies of the regenerated substrate which was pretreated via 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([EMIM]Ac) showed more porous and incompact network of cellulose when compared with the untreated substrate. This result indicated a better accessibility by cellulases to the cellulose surface. Besides, a certain amount of catalysts such as MgCl2 and H2SO4 could improve the rate of enzymatic saccharification.

Keywords
Eucalyptus cellulose; Ionic liquid; Pretreatment; Catalyst; Enzymatic hydrolysis
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Structural comparison and enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis of eucalyptus cellulose via pretreatment with different ionic liquids and catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 48, Issues 5–6, May–June 2013, Pages 844–852
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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