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Method of addition of acetonitrile influences the structure and stability of collagen

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34784 45048 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Method of addition of acetonitrile influences the structure and stability of collagen
Abstract

•Method of addition of acetonitrile plays an important role in collagen structure.•Depending upon the method of addition of acetonitrile the collagen can be processed.•Thermal stability and fibril forming property of re-dissolved collagen were retained.•Current finding is useful in the development of collagen-based biomaterial.

Collagen has been extensively used as a biomaterial in many biomedical applications. Recently, collagen based biomaterials were prepared using organic solvents. In this context, the method of addition of organic solvent described in the present study will be an important contribution in the preparation of collagen-based biomaterials. The effect of acetonitrile on collagen structure and stability was investigated using biophysical methods. Collagen undergoes solvent-induced denaturation with increasing concentration of acetonitrile. It was observed that addition of acetonitrile (50–90%) to a collagen solution in a single shot (method 1) led to precipitation. Contrary, collagen remained in the solution when acetonitrile content was increased to 90% in a collagen solution that had been formerly equilibrated with 20% acetonitrile (method 2). Interestingly, triple helical structure was retained when precipitated collagen, obtained from method 1, was re-dissolved in acetic acid solution. The re-dissolved collagen exhibits comparable melting temperature as that of native collagen. Re-dissolved collagen also showed fibril formation, but with decreased rate. The soluble collagen in 90% acetonitrile, prepared by method 2, is found to be unordered. The above results thus suggest that the method of addition of acetonitrile plays an important role in the folding and unfolding of collagen.

Keywords
Collagen; Triple helix; Acetonitrile; Denaturation; Circular dichroism
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 49, Issue 2, February 2014, Pages 210–216
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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