Silver glyconanoparticles functionalized with sugars of sweet sorghum syrup as an antimicrobial agent
Bio-directed synthesis of metal nanoparticles is gaining importance due to their biocompatibility, low toxicity and eco-friendly nature. We used sweet sorghum syrup for a facile and cost-effective green synthesis of silver glyconanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles were formed due to reduction of silver ions when silver nitrate solution was treated with sorghum syrup solutions of different pH values. The nanoparticles were characterized by UV–vis, TEM (transmission electron microscopy), DLS (dynamic light scattering), EDAX (energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy), FT-IR (fourier transform infrared spectroscopy) and XRD (X-ray diffraction spectroscopy). The silver glyconanoparticles exhibited a characteristic surface plasmon resonance around 385 nm. At pH 8.5, the nanoparticles were mono-dispersed and spherical in shape with average particle size of 11.2 nm. The XRD and SAED studies suggested that the nanoparticles were crystalline in nature. EDAX analysis showed the presence of elemental silver signal in the synthesized glyconanoparticles. FT-IR analysis revealed that glucose, fructose and sucrose present in sorghum syrup acted as capping ligands. Silver glyconanoparticles prepared at pH 8.5 had a zeta potential of −28.9 mV and were anionic charged. They exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative and different Candida species at MIC values ranging between 2 and 32 μg ml−1. This is first report on sweet sorghum syrup sugars-derived silver glyconanoparticles with antimicrobial property.
► First report on silver glyconanoparticles prepared with sweet sorghum syrup sugars. ► Developed a facile and cost-effective green synthetic protocol. ► Characterized by UV–vis, TEM, DLS, EDAX, FT-IR and XRD spectroscopy. ► Sucrose present in sorghum syrup possibly acted as capping ligand. ► Prepared silver glyconanoparticles exhibited strong antimicrobial activity.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 47, Issue 10, October 2012, Pages 1488–1495