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Optimization of immersion frequency and medium substitution on microtuberization of Chlorophytum borivilianum in RITA system on production of saponins

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34849 45052 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
Optimization of immersion frequency and medium substitution on microtuberization of Chlorophytum borivilianum in RITA system on production of saponins
Abstract

In this study, different immersion times were compared for optimization of Chlorophytum borivilianum microtuber production in a RITA (Récipient à Immersion Temporaire Automatique) system. Significantly higher mean number and length of microtubers and growth index were obtained (16, 52 mm and 16, respectively) with 15 min immersion in microtuberization medium (MM) for every 60 min rest period, and could eliminate the occurrence of hyperhydricity. The substitution of MM with liquid hormone-free MS (MSO) medium on week 6 of culture differed significantly in terms of mean number and length of microtubers and growth index compared to earlier substitution at week 3 with MSO but did not differ significantly in comparison to cultures maintained throughout the 9 weeks in MM. Comparison of total saponin of TIS-derived microtubers with tubers of field grown mother plant showed a 1.3-fold increase of saponin (≈21% diosgenin) in the microtubers. The above results hold a promising application of TIS for large scale production of microtubers and accumulated saponin in C. borivilianum.

► 15 min immersion for every 60 min rest period was most suitable for microtuberization of Chlorophytum borivilianum using RITA system. ► The substitution of MM with MSO on week 6 of culture was more effective for microtuber production than maintaining the cultures throughout the 9 weeks in MM. ► Comparison of total saponin of TIS-derived microtubers with tubers of field grown mother plant showed a 1.3-fold increase of saponin in the microtubers.

Keywords
Chlorophytum borivilianum; Liquid culture; Microtuberization; Saponin; Temporary immersion system
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Optimization of immersion frequency and medium substitution on microtuberization of Chlorophytum borivilianum in RITA system on production of saponins
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 48, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 73–77
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us