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Improved operating policy utilizing aerobic operation for fermentation process to produce bio-ethanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3487 172 2012 12 PDF Available
Title
Improved operating policy utilizing aerobic operation for fermentation process to produce bio-ethanol
Abstract

To enhance the productivity of the alcohol fermentation process, combined aerobic and anaerobic fed-batch operation could improve the growth of microbes and also achieve better alcohol production because of well-utilizing the characteristics of the microbial metabolism. Using a realistic model fitted from experimental data, result shows that the highest productivity can be achieved using a proposed fed-batch operation with high glucose concentration. The proposed operating policy combines an initial aerobic operation to increase the biomass formation in the early phase of the fed-batch operation and then followed by the anaerobic operation to accelerate the alcohol production in the later phase. The glucose feeding policy for this optimal fed-batch operation should try to maintain a lower optimal glucose concentration in the fermenter during initial aerobic phase and then to maintain another higher optimal glucose concentration during the next anaerobic phase. Toward the ending of the fed-batch, the glucose concentration in the fermenter should be increased further in order to speed up the productivity of ethanol after the feeding stopped.

► We study the optimal fermentation operation to produce bio-ethanol. ► A realistic model fitted from experimental data is used to obtain the optimal operation. ► Combined aerobic and anaerobic fed-batch operation demonstrated to improve alcohol production. ► Aeration policy should include a initial aerobic operation and then followed by the anaerobic operation ► The desired glucose feeding policy for this optimal fed-batch operation is also obtained.

Keywords
Ethanol; Fermentation; Aerobic processes; Optimization; Operating policy; Cybernetic model
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Improved operating policy utilizing aerobic operation for fermentation process to produce bio-ethanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 68, 15 October 2012, Pages 178–189
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us