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Effect of aeration timing and interval during very-high-gravity ethanol fermentation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34892 45056 2011 4 PDF Available
Title
Effect of aeration timing and interval during very-high-gravity ethanol fermentation
Abstract

Based on the shapes of the redox potential profile and the growth curve of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, five distinct time intervals were observed: lag phase (ca. 0–8 h), logarithmic (or log) phase (ca. 8–18 h), late log to mid stationary phase (ca. 18–28 h), mid stationary to the commencement of death phase (ca. 28–38 h), and death phase (ca. 38–48 h). Respectively, the first four intervals along with two other extreme aeration schemes, no aeration and full-course aeration (0–48 h), were chosen to aerate very-high-gravity (VHG) fermentation. The objectives were to locate the optimal aeration timing and aeration interval that could effectively promote yeast growth and enhance ethanol productivity. Results show that the aeration rate of 0.82 l/min, and aerating yeast in its log phase were the most effective aeration schemes among others. It could generate 2.14-fold more viable yeast cells as compared to the no aeration scheme, and was able to completely utilize glucose in 36 h as compared to 48 h when using a no aeration scheme. Four aeration rates (0, 0.4, 0.82, and 1.3 l/min) were provided under the same aeration interval (i.e., 8–18 h) in order to find out the proper aeration rate. Results show that high yeast viability and high ethanol productivity were attained when VHG fermentation was aerated at 0.82 l/min. Microscopic observations illustrate that larger and lustrous yeast cells were obtained when cultivating under the optimal aeration time interval as compared to no aeration and 28–38 h aeration interval, where the yeast morphology appeared smaller and dull.

Keywords
Redox potential; Very-high-gravity fermentation; Yeast; Ethanol; Aeration
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Effect of aeration timing and interval during very-high-gravity ethanol fermentation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 46, Issue 4, April 2011, Pages 1025–1028
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us