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Bioremediation of phenol-contaminated water and soil using magnetic polymer beads

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34982 45064 2010 5 PDF Available
Title
Bioremediation of phenol-contaminated water and soil using magnetic polymer beads
Abstract

In order to easily separate pollutant-absorbing polymer beads from contaminated soil or water, novel polymer beads containing magnetic particles were developed. The polymer beads containing 4.67% (w/w) magnetic particles exhibited an almost identical partitioning coefficient for phenol compared to that of the pure polymer. A 1.5 L phenol solution of 2000 mg/L added to a bioreactor was reduced to 481 mg/L phenol within 3 h by adding 100 g of these magnetic beads, and the phenol was completely degraded by microorganisms in 16 h. The magnetized beads were then readily removed from the bioreactor by a magnet with 10,000 G, and subsequently detached for re-use. 500 g of soil contaminated with 4 mg-phenol/g-soil was also contacted with 100 g beads, and greater than 97% removal of phenol from the soil was achieved within 1 day. The phenol-absorbing beads were easily separated from the soil by the magnet and transferred into a fermentor. The phenol was released from the beads and was degraded by the microorganism in 10 h. Modifying polymers to possess magnetic properties has greatly improved the ease of handling of these sequestering materials when decontaminating soil and water sources, in conjunction with contaminant release in partitioning bioreactors.

Keywords
Polymer bead; Magnetic particle; Separation; Phenol; Biodegradation
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Bioremediation of phenol-contaminated water and soil using magnetic polymer beads
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 45, Issue 9, September 2010, Pages 1582–1586
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us