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Production, characterization and application of a keratinase from Chryseobacterium L99 sp. nov.

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
34987 45067 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Production, characterization and application of a keratinase from Chryseobacterium L99 sp. nov.
Abstract

Keratins are important bioresources for apparels and feedstuffs, but recalcitrant to common enzymes. Now, it is popular and essential to develop keratinolytic enzymes for environmental prevention and improvement of keratin product quality. In the study, the medium optimization, purification, characterization and application of the keratinase from a newly isolated Chryseobacterium L99 sp. nov. were conducted. Exogenous sucrose, malt sugar, glucose, starch, tryptone, Mg2+, Zn2+, Ca2+ and Cu2+ could promote the keratinase production, while exogenous urea, NH4Cl and yeast extract exhibited strong inhibition effects. Response surface methodology predicted a maximum keratinase yield of 213.8 U mL−1, at (g L−1) sucrose 16.8, MgCl2·6H2O 1.9, feather keratin 40.0, NaH2PO4·2H2O 6.0 and K2HPO4·6H2O 1.0, where dry cell weight nearly had a minimum 8.58 g L−1. Then, a serine keratinase about 33 kDa was purified, and its optimal activity was acquired at 40 °C and pH 8.0 with K+, Zn2+or Co2+. Compared with Savinase 16 L and transglutaminase, the L99 keratinase could efficient prevent shrinkage and eliminate directional frictional effect of wool, indicating it as a promising prospect in the biotreatment of wool fibres.

Keywords
Chryseobacterium; Keratinase; Response surface methodology; Purification; Characterization; Wool
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Production, characterization and application of a keratinase from Chryseobacterium L99 sp. nov.
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 45, Issue 8, August 2010, Pages 1236–1244
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us